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The impossible Reform of the Police

The national police was created by an Act passed by the Vichy government
on April 23, 1941. Its formation was completed by the incorporation
of the Parisian municipal police force by a July 9, 1966 Act of
parliament. Despite its youth, the police has experimented numerous
reforms. Various measures aiming to motivate the personnel, to
improve their training, and to valorize the profession have been introduced.
Provisions extending and diversifying the fight against delinquency
have been implemented. A better definition of the areas of territorial
competency of the police and the gendarmerie have been
envisaged, as well as a coordination of the action of the national and
municipal police units. The relationship between the police and the justice
system have been clarified. Nevertheless, in the recent period,
delinquency has increased slowly but steadily. The reduction of the
working week seems to frustrate many reforms, although, compared to
its European neighbors, France has the highest policemen/inhabitants
ratio. This indicates that, in order for the reform goals to be achieved,
an absolute consistency must exist between the various measures introduced,
otherwise they will be useless.


Référence électonique : Guy FOUGIER, "The impossible Reform of the Police", Pouvoirs, revue française d’études constitutionnelles et politiques, n°102, 102 - La police, p.97-116 . Consulté le 2021-09-20 19:01:51 . URL : https://revue-pouvoirs.fr/The-impossible-Reform-of-the.html