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The State and the Rule of Law in Turkey

The history of the Turkish Republic cannot be identified with that of
democracy. It is first of all the history of the State. “The Turkish state
is a republic” according to the first article of the 1982 constitution. The
proclamation of the republic has amounted to the consecration of a
reformed State after over a century of attempted modernization within
the framework of a moribund empire. But this reformed state, which
had become a reforming state, was not at the origin of the rule of law.
Only after the second world war, in the context of a rather hasty transition
to democracy, did the notions of the separation of powers and
the rule of law begin to materialize. Today, Turkey’s candidacy to
membership of the European Union and the need to satisfy the
famous Copenhagen criteria have accelerated a process of political
emancipation that also reveals the far-going changes experienced by
Turkish society over the last ten years.


Référence électonique : Jean MARCOU, "The State and the Rule of Law in Turkey", Pouvoirs, revue française d’études constitutionnelles et politiques, n°115, 115 - La Turquie, p.25-40 . Consulté le 2020-08-09 09:42:08 . URL : https://revue-pouvoirs.fr/The-State-and-the-Rule-of-Law-in.html