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The Stake of Justice

Undoubtedly, the main change since 1958 has been the growing role of
the judiciary in French society during the last decade, which underlines
the distance between the text of the Constitution of the Fifth Republic
and French political life. The basis of a democracy of opinion is, by definition,
the adhesion of the citizens to a form of social truth. Beyond the
affirmation of a political or legal truth, it now also requires a judicial truth.
If the role of the judiciary in society has changed, such is not the case
of its written constitutional status, i.e., its place within the state. A
Constitution is first and foremost a practice, and the most difficult
reform is precisely to reorientate or to correct this practice. To restaure
the judiciary within the state means to restaure mutual respect and confidence
between the political and the judicial spheres. The fact that the
three branches of power mutually control one another is only natural ;
it does not indicate any hierarchical superiority or any added legitimacy,
be it political or judicial, elective or constitutional ; the three branches
of power fullfill their office and the people, as the only undisputed sovereign,
decides in the last resort. Such are the stakes for the campaigning
constitutionalist : with a concern for liberty, to see to it that he does not
give too much power to the judiciary and, with a concern for equality,
to see to it that he does not shield anyone from justice.


Référence électonique : Thierry S. RENOUX, "The Stake of Justice", Pouvoirs, revue française d’études constitutionnelles et politiques, n°99, 99 - La nouvelle Ve République, p.87-100 . Consulté le 2023-02-05 02:44:46 . URL : https://revue-pouvoirs.fr/The-Stake-of-Justice.html