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The Mishaps of Presidentialism in the Latin-American States

Originally more or less directly inspired by the Constitution of the
United States, but also influenced by local factors (bolivarianism, caudillismo,
caciquism), the Latin-American presidential governments have
rapidly drifted toward various forms of personalized presidentialism. The
dominant model of Latin-American presidentialism is characterized by
a marked hypertrophy of the power of the elected president, sole chief
of the Executive branch, behind a democratic facade. The mythicizing
of the presidential function has led to constitutional caesarism, or even
to dictatorship, the only existing antidotes being the principle of a single
term and the penal responsibility of the Chief of State.
However the controversy between presidentialism and parliamentarism
is back on the agenda. A few elements typical of parliamentary regimes
have begun to appear in constitutional charters. Combined with a
return to more genuine forms of elective democracy or popular participation,
and with the development of coherent and well-organized
political parties, such an evolution affects most of the states of the
region, underscoring the isolation of marxist or neo-populist experiences
such as Cuba and the Venezuelan Bolivarian Republic.


Référence électonique : Frank MODERNE, "The Mishaps of Presidentialism in the Latin-American States", Pouvoirs, revue française d’études constitutionnelles et politiques, n°98, 98 - L’Amérique latine, p.63-87 . Consulté le 2023-03-23 19:35:25 . URL : https://revue-pouvoirs.fr/The-Mishaps-of-Presidentialism-in.html