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The Emergence, Organization and Specificities of Political Parties in the Candidate Countries

After experiencing a phase of instability, the party systems have become
organized and structured after two or three rounds of legislative elections.
The emergence of parties is experiencing a relative delay in the states created
out of the former Yugoslavia – with the exception of Slovenia.
Another important feature is a process of political differentiation. Each
of the states of the region has developed its own characteristics and party
system. Political parties lack a social base, have few members, scarce financial
resources and a limited administrative apparatus in which the leadership
plays a major role. In general, the social-democratic forces born
out of the reformist wing of the former communist parties have, for the
time being, better weathered the transition. Progressively, the political
parties of the region are following the classical divide present in the rest
of Europe. However, there are some organizational specificities. In addition,
the impact of the historical divide, linked to the attitude toward the
popular democracy regimes, could survive and influence local politics for
a long time. It might be necessary to wait for a generation in order to test
this hypothesis. In addition there is no guarantee that the results would
be the same in each of these countries.


Référence électonique : Jean-Michel DE WAELE, "The Emergence, Organization and Specificities of Political Parties in the Candidate Countries", Pouvoirs, revue française d’études constitutionnelles et politiques, n°106, 106 - Les nouveaux États de l’Union, p.85-98 . Consulté le 2021-03-08 13:46:25 . URL : https://revue-pouvoirs.fr/The-Emergence-Organization-and.html