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The 2011 Constitution : A Mutation of Morocco’s Political and Legal Orders

Offering a renewed definition of Morocco’s political society, the country’s new Constitution announces, above all, a dual transformation of the Moroccan political and legal orders. Regarding the first mutation, it provides a far-reaching rebalancing of powers, establishing the foundations of a system centered on the Prime minister and a majority democracy. In such a system, the monarch maintains an undeniable supremacy through a reinvented dualistic parliamentary regime. The second mutation, which reflects the willingness to strengthen the rule of law, reinforces the place of law in the normative framework and presents the Constitution as the guarantor of rights and liberties. These will be respected at two levels – subject, however, to the predominance accorded to Islam – through the introduction of an exception of unconstitutionality on the one hand, and the superiority of international norms over national legislation on the other. In doing so, Morocco is edifying a singular legal system and establishing an original political system, decisively veering towards the democratic ideal.

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Référence électonique : David MELLONI, "The 2011 Constitution : A Mutation of Morocco’s Political and Legal Orders", Pouvoirs, revue française d’études constitutionnelles et politiques, n°145, 145 - Le Maroc, p.5-15 . Consulté le 2019-09-19 21:08:14 . URL : https://revue-pouvoirs.fr/The-2011-Constitution-A-Mutation.html