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Shiite Islam and Democracy

Shiite Islam shares the discomfort of most religious doctrines of power
confronted with the democratic principle of popular sovereignty. Being
both temporal and spiritual the power of the imamate is God-given. As
if by contagion, the imam’s prerogatives are transferred to the faqih,
expert in (and guardian of) the divine Law. As a consequence, the
notion of wilayat al-faqih has become the constitutional foundation of
the current Iranian regime. However, rather than serving as the foundation
of this transfer of legitimacy to the fuqaha, the ghayba (occultation
of the 12th imam) could be understood as a spiritual rupture
transferring the responsibility of its own destiny to the entire community…
Finally, the fact that the Shiites are seldom alone in the modern
world should favor the notion of a secular and democratic compromise.


Référence électonique : Ahmad BEYDOUN, "Shiite Islam and Democracy", Pouvoirs, revue française d’études constitutionnelles et politiques, n°104, 104 - Islam et démocratie, p.33-43 . Consulté le 2022-01-23 12:36:16 . URL : https://revue-pouvoirs.fr/Shiite-Islam-and-Democracy.html