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Republican Invention. Elements for a Hermeneutics

Positive discrimination is said to be opposed to the French republican
and universalistic ideal. The article looks at the genealogy of this alleged
incompatibility. The main arguments voiced against the implementation
of preferential treatments in France (enterprise free zones, parity,
priority education contracts at Sciences po) have usually been constructed
on the basis of a mythical American model. However a republican
tradition of positive discrimination does exist, although it has never
been envisaged nor designated as such. Is this conceptual blindness the
result of exchanges between liberal economic models and theories of
political representation ? The majority rule, formulated in the famous
“paradox of Condorcet” is thus deprived of its constitutive dynamic :
the acknowledgement of the minority dimension of any majority.

français

Référence électonique : Bruno PERREAU, "Republican Invention. Elements for a Hermeneutics", Pouvoirs, revue française d’études constitutionnelles et politiques, n°111, 111 - Discrimination positive, p.41-53 . Consulté le 2020-11-25 11:59:57 . URL : https://revue-pouvoirs.fr/Republican-Invention-Elements-for.html