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Regional integration in Latin America: The Myth of Sisyphus

Regional integration stimulated by the failure of the initial fragmentation,
except in Brasil, has been a series of aborted attempts. The presence
of the United-States adds an additional complication. Indeed, to
the alternatives of national consolidation and regional integration must
be added the possible integration of the United States (pan-
Americanism vs. Latin-Americanism). The end of the Cold War seems
to have given a new vitality both to Latin-Americanism, with the creation
of Mercosur, and to Pan-Americanism with the Initiative for the
Americas and the Free Trade Zone of the Americas launched by George
Bush and Bill Clinton. While it is difficult to know whether the current
experiments will be more successfull than previous ones, they nevertheless
testify to the fact that, regardless of the historical, social and economic
conditions, Latin-American leaders go back to work without
respite on the unfinished project, thereby proving that it remains at the
center of the political debate in the region.


Référence électonique : Stephan SBERRO, "Regional integration in Latin America: The Myth of Sisyphus", Pouvoirs, revue française d’études constitutionnelles et politiques, n°98, 98 - L’Amérique latine, p.49-61 . Consulté le 2020-10-01 20:04:50 . URL : https://revue-pouvoirs.fr/Regional-integration-in-Latin.html