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Pressure Groups in Contemporary Spain

During the transition and the three decades of democracy, Spanish bankers
have infl uenced legislation, held the reins of the main corporations,
fi nanced political parties, controlled employers’ organizations and tried
to dodge the costs of economic change. A very severe reconversion has
stabilized the fi nancial sector and has led to a major concentration of
power within it. Today, it is one of the main lobbies in a country where
the dominant model of a mixed banking sector – similar to the German
and Japanese models – has gradually moved toward a purely commercial
banking sector. At the same time, the Catholic Church continues to
exercise a considerable infl uence, not so much on an increasingly secularized
society as on the law and the school system. At the beginning
of the transition the Church hierarchy had bet on a process of national
reconciliation, but it has now clearly sided with the extreme-right. The
employers’ organizations, the unions, the media, the judges and the
military all belong, at different degrees, to the panorama of pressure
groups in Spain.


Référence électonique : Xavier VIDAL-FOLCH, "Pressure Groups in Contemporary Spain", Pouvoirs, revue française d’études constitutionnelles et politiques, n°124, 124 - L’Espagne, p.63-84 . Consulté le 2020-01-19 23:51:31 . URL : https://revue-pouvoirs.fr/Pressure-Groups-in-Contemporary.html