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Mutation of the Italian Far-Right

Like its predecessor, the Italian Social Movement, the National Alliance
differs from other far-right parties in Europe. In the past, this difference
was due to its historical presence in the Italian political system as well
as to its defence of the fascist ideology. Today it is due to its rapid
reorientation towards a liberal conservative approach. This mutation,
which started when the Italian Social Movement became the Alleanza
Nazionale, is not yet completed. Together with a series of positive elements
(the opening of the intermediary cadre, the renewing and rejuvenating
of the national leadership, recent electoral successes), there
remain many hurdles such as the idealization of the fascist past, the
difficulty of recruiting executives outside the pool of the old party, a
limited internal critical debate. However, its main problem is its collocation
in the political spectrum. Although the AN has often taken more
moderate and “reasonable” positions than Forza Italia, it is still perceived
as an “extreme” party. This is a handicap aggravated by the failure
of the constitutional reforms which Fini had expected to reinforce the
legitimacy of his party.


Référence électonique : Piero IGNAZI, "Mutation of the Italian Far-Right", Pouvoirs, revue française d’études constitutionnelles et politiques, n°87, 87 - L’extrême droite en Europe, p.83-93 . Consulté le 2020-02-18 19:23:37 . URL : https://revue-pouvoirs.fr/Mutation-of-the-Italian-Far-Right.html