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Bulgaria and Romania on the Threshold of the Union : A So Long Hope

The European Council of Copenhagen (12-13 December 2002)
decided that Bulgaria and Romania will not be part of the first wave of
enlargement in may 2004 and will have to wait until 2007 in order to
see the gates of the EU open for them. The commitment of the Union
to bring greater assistance to the current restructuring and negotiations
represent nevertheless a positive factor for states that are experiencing
a deep social crisis. But the period is long past when the “return to
Europe” was dreamed of as a revenge on history, an identity accomplishment
and a promise of “normalcy”. As the perspectives of integration
are becoming more precise, Europe has taken the shape of one
of its particular embodiments, the European Union, a set of complex
and somewhat bureaucratic institutions that set down requirements
and distribute blames and recommendations. However the improvement
of conditions expected in return of such efforts is long in coming.
If today, in Bulgaria and in Romania, a rapid integration into the
Union is still seen as the only dynamic political project, it is not sure
that it will suffice to boost the credibility of the political elites confronted
to disenchanted societies.


Référence électonique : Nadège RAGARU, "Bulgaria and Romania on the Threshold of the Union : A So Long Hope", Pouvoirs, revue française d’études constitutionnelles et politiques, n°106, 106 - Les nouveaux États de l’Union, p.99-114 . Consulté le 2021-10-16 07:45:10 . URL : https://revue-pouvoirs.fr/Bulgaria-and-Romania-on-the.html